US Army In General

For a lot of young people looking for jobs, information about their various options is of crucial importance. An individual wishing to join the U. S. Army for instance would want to know how to get into one of military academies; say the army job school of Advanced Individual Training. The institutions that train and prepare armed forces personnel are: The United States Military Academy (West Point), the United States Air Force Academy, the United States Naval Academy, and the United States Coast Guard Academy.

The Military Academy which provides free tuition, boarding and lodging as well as free resources such as books etc., trains and provides personnel for the U. S. Army. Each of these academies is very selective and there are very stringent procedures for admission. After completing the training, young people know that their jobs are pretty much guaranteed.

A frequently asked question is how is, how the United States Marines corps different from the other military branches, such as, say the U. S. Army. The Marine Corps is the only branch of the armed services specifically organized with air, land, and sea-based expeditionary fighting capabilities. The marines are often referred to as ‘the tip of the spear’. In other words the United States Marines are the most multifaceted of the military branches, more so than, say, the United States Coast Guard, which is also a military wing, a fact that viewers of Baywatch generally miss.

The US Airforce Academy is a premier educational institution of the country which offers courses in as many as 25 disciplines ranging from basic sciences and engineering sciences to social sciences and the humanities. The U. S. Air Force Academy produces Rhodes scholars and many other scholarship recipients from its graduating classes. Since the academy is militarily oriented, the US Airforce Academy courses stress on physical fitness and provides facilities such as the field house, gym, playing fields, golf courses as well as tennis courts to name a few. The U. S. Air Force Academy also stresses on promoting leadership qualities by providing a competitive environment for the students.

US Air Force

A student choosing a career may be swayed by the possibility of a scholarship or a tuition assistance allowance. The US department of defense has a tuition assistance policy which pays for the cost of off-duty courses; officials of the U. S. Air Force have been quoted as saying. The chief of air force voluntary education branch of the Pentagon has been reported as saying that the policy pays for tuition costs and mandatory fees for up to a maximum of $250 per semester hour, or $750 per three-hour course. The policy however has a $4,500 tuition assistance ceiling a year. The US airforce provides that so long as the total cost of the course falls under the authorized total, the student doesn’t have to pay any money out of his or her pocket.

The various jobs for enlistment in the U. S. Air Force if you are a high school diploma holder include the following: mechanical jobs, involving the maintenance and up keep of aircraft and other aviation related equipment, administrative jobs involving the running of airbases, general jobs involving computers, linguistics, security and several other things and electronics careers involving spacecraft wiring, missiles, air traffic control, RADAR etc. The job options for officers in the U. S. airforce are also many, with flight careers ranging form navigation to flying fighter aircraft, non-technical careers for managers, administrators etc., specialty careers in fields as varied as law, religious aid and accounting and then there are the technical careers where scientists, engineers find a place.

The U. S. Air Force has reserves who are eligible for a variety of education and enlistment benefits and healthcare professionals. Persons with prior military experience could qualify for special benefits, such as traveling the globe, getting an education and other perquisites. A job in the U. S. airforce also has insurance and medical benefits, reemployment rights and special allowances, to name just a few incentives.

The U. S. Army, as well as the other branches of the military including the US airforce offers the reserve officer training corps which trains qualified young men and women after graduation from college. This however does not apply to the United States Coast Guard and United States Marines, which at this time does not offer the reserve officer training corps. The U. S. Army as well as the United States Coast Guard does however give opportunities of tuition assistance.

United States Marines

Like the U. S. Army, enlisted jobs offered by the United States Marines are also divided into various different divisions, called the “Military Occupational Specialties”. The different occupational fields are personnel and administration, intelligence, infantry, logistics, command and control systems, field artillery, utilities, ordnance, operational communications, food service, data systems, public affairs and music, to name just a few of these many interesting occupational fields. This is to give an idea the variety of jobs offered by the military.

If you decide that this career path is for you, the US airforce would find that entry into the academy is difficult but rewarding. There are around 11,000 applicants for US airforce who attempt admission into the U. S. Air Force academy. However only 1/10 of applicants made it all the way to Airforce. Whereas the aspiring air force candidates train at the U. S. Air Force academy, training of United States Marines is carried out at the two Marine Corps Recruit Depots at Parris Island, S. C., and at San Diego CA. There is also something called Reserve Officer Training Corps program where young soldiers can train to become officers.

Founded in 1876 United States Coast Guard Academy is the smallest of the service academies. It provides a 4 year B Sc program with the possibility of a full scholarship. The mission of the academy is to produce young people with an affinity for the sea and a desire to serve country and mankind. The program offered by the coast guard academy is challenging academically, physically and professionally. Having an ordered military regime, the academy offers good academic curriculum and also encourages competitive athletics. Primary objectives of the academy to promote a sense of honor, loyalty and obedience, to provide sound education to the coast guard, to promote leadership development and to enable assumption of duties as officers afloat. The first seven weeks of training are known as Swab Summer. This is a blend of physical, military, and leadership training. The last week is spent sailing aboard America’s active duty square rigger, Barque Eagle, America’s Tall Ship.

Upon graduation each graduate is required to serve a minimum of five years of active duty. Admission to the United States Coast Guard Academy is achieved on the basis of a countrywide competition. About 5500 applicants make a bid for entry into the academy every year, but only around 265 of them get selected. At any given time there are 850 cadets 30% of which consist of women and 20% of which consist of minorities. The cadets also include international students representing various countries.

United States Coast Guard

The history of the United States Coast Guard goes back to 1790, when it was originally constituted to enforce tariff and trade laws, prevent smuggling and protect collection of revenue. Later on its’ duties grew to include mariners in distress, protection of marine environment and chart the country’s coastlines. The United States Coast Guard is now dedicated to saving life at sea and enforcing the nation’s maritime laws. In times of war the coast guard serves under the navy department on the direction of the president of the United States.

The Reserve Officer Training Corps, or ROTC is one of the methods of recruiting into the US military offered by the U. S. Army, the US airforce, the United States Marines and the navy. In fact it is offered by all the streams except for the United States Coast Guard. The ROTC trains young graduates to go on to become officers. The ROTC is available in over 1,000 colleges and universities throughout the U.S., both those that host ROTC units or detachments and those with cross-enrollment agreements with them. During college, students take a full course load. However, the curriculum includes military science courses that give the specialized knowledge needed as an Officer.

Whether it is the United States Marines or the United States Coast Guard or any branch of the military, each offers some form of scholarship. What is common to all however is the Montgomery GI Bill, thru which you can qualify for financial assistance for college at any two or four-year College, vocational school, or correspondence course. You may get a full scholarship thru college, this would include tuition, course material such as book and even boarding, and this requires a commitment of serve as an officer for a minimum of three years after graduation. There are also the little known college fund programs and enlisted persons who qualify for these programs may receive up to $50,000 toward college tuition, when combined with the Montgomery G.I. Bill, and upon honorable discharge. Enlistees who are awarded the College Fund by the United States Marines or United States Coast Guard receive additional dollars that can make up a significant part or all of the funds required for a college education.

There are aviation jobs available for persons in each of the branches of the military and not just the U. S. Air Force. Pilots in all these branches are of various types; airlift pilot, bomber pilot, fighter pilot, tanker pilot, etc. Officers are trained for aeronautical specialties and even to become astronauts. The U. S. Air Force and the other branches also employ navigators who assist and direct pilots, conduct fuel consumption projections etc.

Word About US Navy

Persons qualified in trigonometry, physics and electricity, which have a high degree of mechanical and electrical aptitude and who are able to pass their physical and swim, can get the job of aviation, anti-submarine warfare operator in the US navy. They would need Navy to perform general flight crew duties, operate ASW sensor systems and perform diagnostic functions to isolate faults and optimize system performance.

Officers’ jobs in the US military aviation occupations are offered not just by the US airforce and the navy but also by the U. S. Army, the United States Marines and the United States Coast Guard. Each branch of the military has pilots for a variety of aircraft, from the top of the line Stealth Bombers to small planes. Pilots are officers who are designated by skills or qualifications of the type of aircraft they fly (example, B1 B Pilot). Pilots operate weapons, deliver troops, cargo, and bombs, and perform search and rescue missions. These personnel can get civil jobs because of their training and experience after they quit the services.

You need 20-20 vision capability to become a U. S. Air Force pilot or a pilot with any of the other services. There are jobs as officers available for helicopter pilots, navigators, air traffic control managers. These are also offered by the US airforce, the United States Marines, the United States Coast Guard, the army and the navy.

The U. S. Army and the Marine Corps offer the job of infantry officer. The infantry which is central to the military are trained to counter ground forces, operate and fire a range of weaponry, conduct patrol missions and also to parachute-jump. These positions are at this time restricted to male members. The positions of tank officers are also offered by the army and marines. These persons are required to command and drive state-of-the-art tanks in combat; operate weapons systems; support and defend ground infantry troops.