For a lot of young people looking for jobs, information
about their various options is of crucial importance. An individual wishing to
join the U. S. Army for instance would want to know how to get into one of
military academies; say the army job school of Advanced Individual Training.
The institutions that train and prepare armed forces personnel are: The United
States Military Academy (West Point), the United States Air Force Academy, the
United States Naval Academy, and the United States Coast Guard Academy.
The Military Academy which provides free tuition, boarding
and lodging as well as free resources such as books etc., trains and provides
personnel for the U. S. Army. Each of these academies is very selective and
there are very stringent procedures for admission. After completing the
training, young people know that their jobs are pretty much guaranteed.
A frequently asked question is how is, how the United States
Marines corps different from the other military branches, such as, say the U.
S. Army. The Marine Corps is the only branch of the armed services specifically
organized with air, land, and sea-based expeditionary fighting capabilities.
The marines are often referred to as ‘the tip of the spear’. In other words the
United States Marines are the most multifaceted of the military branches, more
so than, say, the United States Coast Guard, which is also a military wing, a
fact that viewers of Baywatch generally miss.
The US Airforce Academy is a premier educational institution
of the country which offers courses in as many as 25 disciplines ranging from
basic sciences and engineering sciences to social sciences and the humanities.
The U. S. Air Force Academy produces Rhodes scholars and many other scholarship
recipients from its graduating classes. Since the academy is militarily
oriented, the US Airforce Academy courses stress on physical fitness and
provides facilities such as the field house, gym, playing fields, golf courses
as well as tennis courts to name a few. The U. S. Air Force Academy also
stresses on promoting leadership qualities by providing a competitive
environment for the students.
A student choosing a career may be swayed by the possibility
of a scholarship or a tuition assistance allowance. The US department of
defense has a tuition assistance policy which pays for the cost of off-duty
courses; officials of the U. S. Air Force have been quoted as saying. The chief
of air force voluntary education branch of the Pentagon has been reported as
saying that the policy pays for tuition costs and mandatory fees for up to a
maximum of $250 per semester hour, or $750 per three-hour course. The policy
however has a $4,500 tuition assistance ceiling a year. The US airforce
provides that so long as the total cost of the course falls under the
authorized total, the student doesn’t have to pay any money out of his or her
The various jobs for enlistment in the U. S. Air Force if
you are a high school diploma holder include the following: mechanical jobs,
involving the maintenance and up keep of aircraft and other aviation related
equipment, administrative jobs involving the running of airbases, general jobs
involving computers, linguistics, security and several other things and
electronics careers involving spacecraft wiring, missiles, air traffic control,
RADAR etc. The job options for officers in the U. S. airforce are also many,
with flight careers ranging form navigation to flying fighter aircraft,
non-technical careers for managers, administrators etc., specialty careers in
fields as varied as law, religious aid and accounting and then there are the
technical careers where scientists, engineers find a place.
The U. S. Air Force has reserves who are eligible for a
variety of education and enlistment benefits and healthcare professionals.
Persons with prior military experience could qualify for special benefits, such
as traveling the globe, getting an education and other perquisites. A job in
the U. S. airforce also has insurance and medical benefits, reemployment rights
and special allowances, to name just a few incentives.
The U. S. Army, as well as the other branches of the
military including the US airforce offers the reserve officer training corps
which trains qualified young men and women after graduation from college. This
however does not apply to the United States Coast Guard and United States
Marines, which at this time does not offer the reserve officer training corps.
The U. S. Army as well as the United States Coast Guard does however give
opportunities of tuition assistance.
Like the U. S. Army, enlisted jobs offered by the United
States Marines are also divided into various different divisions, called the
“Military Occupational Specialties”. The different occupational fields are
personnel and administration, intelligence, infantry, logistics, command and
control systems, field artillery, utilities, ordnance, operational
communications, food service, data systems, public affairs and music, to name
just a few of these many interesting occupational fields. This is to give an
idea the variety of jobs offered by the military.
If you decide that this career path is for you, the US
airforce would find that entry into the academy is difficult but rewarding. There
are around 11,000 applicants for US airforce who attempt admission into the U.
S. Air Force academy. However only 1/10 of applicants made it all the way to
Airforce. Whereas the aspiring air force candidates train at the U. S. Air
Force academy, training of United States Marines is carried out at the two
Marine Corps Recruit Depots at Parris Island, S. C., and at San Diego CA. There
is also something called Reserve Officer Training Corps program where young
soldiers can train to become officers.
Founded in 1876 United States Coast Guard Academy is the
smallest of the service academies. It provides a 4 year B Sc program with the
possibility of a full scholarship. The mission of the academy is to produce
young people with an affinity for the sea and a desire to serve country and
mankind. The program offered by the coast guard academy is challenging
academically, physically and professionally. Having an ordered military regime,
the academy offers good academic curriculum and also encourages competitive
athletics. Primary objectives of the academy to promote a sense of honor,
loyalty and obedience, to provide sound education to the coast guard, to
promote leadership development and to enable assumption of duties as officers
afloat. The first seven weeks of training are known as Swab Summer. This is a
blend of physical, military, and leadership training. The last week is spent
sailing aboard America’s active duty square rigger, Barque Eagle, America’s
Upon graduation each graduate is required to serve a minimum
of five years of active duty. Admission to the United States Coast Guard
Academy is achieved on the basis of a countrywide competition. About 5500
applicants make a bid for entry into the academy every year, but only around
265 of them get selected. At any given time there are 850 cadets 30% of which
consist of women and 20% of which consist of minorities. The cadets also
include international students representing various countries.
The history of the United States Coast Guard goes back to
1790, when it was originally constituted to enforce tariff and trade laws,
prevent smuggling and protect collection of revenue. Later on its’ duties grew
to include mariners in distress, protection of marine environment and chart the
country’s coastlines. The United States Coast Guard is now dedicated to saving
life at sea and enforcing the nation’s maritime laws. In times of war the coast
guard serves under the navy department on the direction of the president of the
The Reserve Officer Training Corps, or ROTC is one of the
methods of recruiting into the US military offered by the U. S. Army, the US
airforce, the United States Marines and the navy. In fact it is offered by all
the streams except for the United States Coast Guard. The ROTC trains young
graduates to go on to become officers. The ROTC is available in over 1,000
colleges and universities throughout the U.S., both those that host ROTC units
or detachments and those with cross-enrollment agreements with them. During
college, students take a full course load. However, the curriculum includes
military science courses that give the specialized knowledge needed as an
Whether it is the United States Marines or the United States
Coast Guard or any branch of the military, each offers some form of
scholarship. What is common to all however is the Montgomery GI Bill, thru
which you can qualify for financial assistance for college at any two or
four-year College, vocational school, or correspondence course. You may get a
full scholarship thru college, this would include tuition, course material such
as book and even boarding, and this requires a commitment of serve as an
officer for a minimum of three years after graduation. There are also the
little known college fund programs and enlisted persons who qualify for these
programs may receive up to $50,000 toward college tuition, when combined with
the Montgomery G.I. Bill, and upon honorable discharge. Enlistees who are
awarded the College Fund by the United States Marines or United States Coast
Guard receive additional dollars that can make up a significant part or all of
the funds required for a college education.
There are aviation jobs available for persons in each of the
branches of the military and not just the U. S. Air Force. Pilots in all these
branches are of various types; airlift pilot, bomber pilot, fighter pilot,
tanker pilot, etc. Officers are trained for aeronautical specialties and even
to become astronauts. The U. S. Air Force and the other branches also employ
navigators who assist and direct pilots, conduct fuel consumption projections
Persons qualified in trigonometry, physics and electricity,
which have a high degree of mechanical and electrical aptitude and who are able
to pass their physical and swim, can get the job of aviation, anti-submarine
warfare operator in the US navy. They would need Navy to perform general flight
crew duties, operate ASW sensor systems and perform diagnostic functions to
isolate faults and optimize system performance.
Officers’ jobs in the US military aviation occupations are
offered not just by the US airforce and the navy but also by the U. S. Army,
the United States Marines and the United States Coast Guard. Each branch of the
military has pilots for a variety of aircraft, from the top of the line Stealth
Bombers to small planes. Pilots are officers who are designated by skills or
qualifications of the type of aircraft they fly (example, B1 B Pilot). Pilots
operate weapons, deliver troops, cargo, and bombs, and perform search and
rescue missions. These personnel can get civil jobs because of their training
and experience after they quit the services.
You need 20-20 vision capability to become a U. S. Air Force
pilot or a pilot with any of the other services. There are jobs as officers
available for helicopter pilots, navigators, air traffic control managers.
These are also offered by the US airforce, the United States Marines, the
United States Coast Guard, the army and the navy.
The U. S. Army and the Marine Corps offer the job of
infantry officer. The infantry which is central to the military are trained to
counter ground forces, operate and fire a range of weaponry, conduct patrol
missions and also to parachute-jump. These positions are at this time
restricted to male members. The positions of tank officers are also offered by
the army and marines. These persons are required to command and drive
state-of-the-art tanks in combat; operate weapons systems; support and defend
ground infantry troops.